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MessagePosté le: Dim 17 Avr - 06:35 (2016)    Sujet du message: RUSSIAN WARSHIPS TAKE PART IN KOMODO 2016 DRILLS IN INDONESIA Répondre en citant

RUSSIAN WARSHIPS TAKE PART IN KOMODO 2016 DRILLS IN INDONESIA

Military & Defense
April 12, 14:19 UTC+3

The maneuvers involve 28 ships, including six Indonesian vessels


Large anti-submarine ship Admiral Vinogradov

© Yuri Smityuk/TASS


Read also
Russian Pacific Fleet warships arrive in Indonesia for Komodo 2016 naval drills
Russian Pacific Fleet’s warships hold anti-submarine, anti-terrorism drills
Russia’s Pacific Fleet ships to join anti-terror drills in South China Sea

BANGKOK, April 12. /TASS/. The Komodo 2016 international naval drills involving more than 30 countries of the Asia-Pacific Region, including Russia, have started in Indonesia, the exercise’s organizers said on Tuesday.


The maneuvers involve 28 ships, including six Indonesian vessels, the organizers added.

"We need to cooperate with friendly countries, which naval forces operate from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. I fully support the necessity of holding such maneuvers," Indonesian President Joko Widodo said during a review of the ships taking part in the exercise. This event in Padang in the province of West Sumatra opened the maneuvers that will last through April 16.

A group of Russian Pacific Fleet warships arrived in Indonesia on Monday to take part in the Komodo 2016 international exercise.


Submarine defense: Russian subs posing Pacific threat to US Navy


As the Russian Eastern Military District’s press office said, Russia is represented by the Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship Admiral Vinogradov, the ocean-going rescue vessel Fotiy Krylov and the tanker Irkut.

Russian sailors are taking part in the drills for the second time.

During the maneuvers, the ships will practice cohesion in disaster relief and sea resources preservation operations.

The exercise involves member-states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), as well as the United States, Japan, Australia and other countries of the Asia-Pacific Region.

http://tass.ru/en/defense/869034


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MessagePosté le: Lun 18 Avr - 03:47 (2016)    Sujet du message: UNESCO AND ITALY TO CREATE TASK FORCE FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE CONSERVATION IN CRISES / L'UNESCO ANNONCE LA CREATION PAR L'ITALIE D'UNE FORCE POUR LA DEFENSE DU PATRIMOINE CULTUREL Répondre en citant

UNESCO AND ITALY TO CREATE TASK FORCE FOR CULTURAL HERITAGE CONSERVATION IN CRISES

To protect their gods temples
and monuments


Archaeological site of Palmyra in Syria. Photo: ©UNESCO/F. Bandarin

15 February 2016 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) plans to sign an agreement with the Government of Italy tomorrow to establish a task force of experts focusing on the conservation of cultural heritage affected by crises around the world.

In the framework of UNESCO's global coalition Unite for Heritage campaign launched this past year, under the agreement the agency will be able to ask the Italian Government to make the experts available for deployment on matters related to the conservation of cultural heritage in crises, UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova said in a press release.

“The agreement is a major and innovative step in our effort to gain recognition for the importance of cultural heritage in cementing identity, building social cohesion and fostering resilience in times of crisis,” Ms. Bokova said.

“The establishment of a Task Force bringing together cultural heritage experts and the Italian Carabinieri force specialized in the fight against the illicit trafficking in cultural property will enhance our capacity to respond to future emergencies,” she added.

Expressing hope that other countries will take similar steps to reinforce the international community's ability to respond to the growing threats facing cultural heritage in different parts of the world, Ms. Bokova stressed that the establishment of the task force directly implements the strategy adopted by Member States at UNESCO's general conference this past November.

The strategy sets out to reinforce UNESCO's action for the protection of cultural heritage and the promotion of cultural diversity and pluralism, and calls on Member States to contribute to the strategy, notably through mechanisms for the rapid deployment of national expertise in emergency situations under the agency's overall coordination.

Member States developed the strategy in response to the recent large-scale, systematic destruction and looting of cultural sites and attacks on cultural diversity and cultural and religious minorities infringing on their human rights and security.

Under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC), the deliberate destruction of cultural heritage may be considered a war crime. The reinforcement of UNESCO's capacity to respond to current challenges builds on existing international legal instruments, notably the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, and enhances the scope of their application.



News Tracker: past stories on this issue

UNESCO unveils global campaign to counter deliberate destruction of cultural heritage

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=53232

-----

L'UNESCO ANNONCE LA CREATION PAR L'ITALIE D'UNE FORCE POUR LA DEFENSE DU PATRIMOINE CULTUREL

Afin de protéger les temples et monuments de leurs dieux



Trois sites listés au Patrimoine mondial de l’UNESCO en Syrie sont actuellement utilisés à des fins militaires, au risque d’entrainer des destructions irréversibles. Photo : UNESCO / Ron Van Oers

15 février 2016 – L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture (UNESCO) a annoncé lundi qu'un accord visant à mettre sur pied une force opérationnelle d'experts du patrimoine culturel est sur le point d'être conclu avec l'Italie.

Dans un communiqué de presse rendu public à Paris, la Directrice générale de l'UNESCO, Irina Bokova, a indiqué qu'elle signerait officiellement cet accord mardi 16 février à Rome avec le Ministre italien des affaires étrangères, Paolo Gentiloni, dans le cadre de la Coalition mondiale de l'UNESCO « Unis pour le patrimoine », lancée en juin 2015.

« Cet accord marque une étape majeure et novatrice dans les efforts que nous avons consentis pour faire reconnaître le rôle important que joue le patrimoine culturel dans la consolidation de l'identité culturelle, de la cohésion sociale et du renforcement de la résilience pendant les périodes de crise », a salué la Directrice générale.

Aux termes de cet accord, l'UNESCO pourra demander au gouvernement italien de solliciter des experts de la force opérationnelle afin de les déployer sur des biens du patrimoine culturel affectés par des crises.

« La mise en place d'une force opérationnelle réunissant des experts du patrimoine culturel et du corps des carabiniers italiens spécialisés dans la lutte contre le trafic illicite des biens culturels permettra de renforcer notre capacité à répondre aux situations d'urgence à venir », a précisé Mme Bokova, qui compte sur le fait que d'autres pays prendront des mesures similaires.

La Directrice générale a ajouté que la création de la force opérationnelle par le gouvernement italien est une mise en œuvre directe de la stratégie adoptée par les Etats membres de l'UNESCO lors de la Conférence générale de l'Organisation qui s'est tenue en novembre dernier. Elle a invité tous les Etats membres à appliquer cette stratégie, notamment à travers des mécanismes de déploiement rapide d'experts nationaux dans les situations d'urgence, sous la coordination de l'UNESCO.

« Les Etats membres ont développé cette stratégie en réponse aux destructions systématiques, à grande échelle et au pillage des sites culturels. Elle fait également suite aux attaques contre la diversité culturelle et contre les minorités culturelles et religieuses qui portent atteinte à leurs droits humains et leur sécurité », a déclaré Mme Bokova, rappelant que, d'après le Statut de Rome de la Cour pénale internationale, la destruction délibérée du patrimoine culturel peut être considérée comme un crime de guerre.


www.un.org/apps/newsFr/storyF.asp?NewsID=36632



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MessagePosté le: Mar 19 Avr - 00:55 (2016)    Sujet du message: REPS FROM 27 NAVIES ATTEND NWC SYMPOSIUM IN GERMANY Répondre en citant

REPS FROM 27 NAVIES ATTEND NWC SYMPOSIUM IN GERMANY

Story Number: NNS160418-31Release Date: 4/18/2016 4:10:00 PM

By Daniel Kuester, U.S. Naval War College Public Affairs

GARMISCH-PARTENKIRCHEN, Germany (NNS) -- Representatives from the navies of 27 nations met at Naval War College's latest regional alumni symposium held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany, April 12-14, to discuss issues facing the group and how to meet common challenges.

The nations represented, mostly European and North American, discussed topics including cooperation or conflict in the opening of the Arctic, the future of the Black Sea, and others.

"This symposium is about promoting education, encouraging innovation, and building stronger relationships," said NWC President Rear Adm. P. Gardner Howe III. "This is what we do on our Newport campus, and this is what we seek to achieve on our global campus with events such as these."

NWC regularly hosts regional alumni symposium in various regions around the world to allow alumni of the Newport, Rhode Island, school and others to continue their education, improve outreach and strengthen partnerships.

The meetings are not restricted to NWC alumni, according to Julia Gage, assistant professor and director of the Graduate Network for Lifelong Learning at the school.

"These symposiums are real opportunities to continue to work with naval leaders to ensure that issues are being addressed and relationships are established and maintained," she said. "In addition to our alumni, we also invite additional naval leaders to participate."

One of the attendees, Vice Adm. John Christenson, has a unique perspective on the event as he is currently the military representative to the NATO Military Committee and also former president of NWC.

"Countries are like families," said Christenson. "Events like these reaffirm our shared values and help relationships grow."

Topics for the various sessions of the symposium included Drivers of Conflict and Cooperation in the Arctic Ocean Region: Implications for Europe, The Black Sea and Beyond: A Global Maritime Fault Line, NATO's Northeastern Flank, and Irregular Warfare, A2/AD [Anti-Access/Area Denial] in a European Context.

The symposium also included keynote addresses by German Rear Adm. Karsten Schneider, the deputy commander, Fhrungsakademie der Bundeswehr; Vice Adm. James G. Foggo III, U.S. Navy, commander 6th Fleet, and Christenson.

Nations attending were Albania, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, and the United States.

NWC is a one-year resident program that graduates about 600 resident students and about 1,000 distance learning students each year. Its missions include educating and developing leaders, helping define the future of the Navy, supporting combat readiness, and strengthening maritime partnerships.

Students earn Joint Professional Military Education (JPME) credit and either a diploma or a master's degree in National Security and Strategic Studies or Defense and Strategic Studies. Established in 1884, U.S. Naval War College is the oldest institution of its kind in the world.

More than 50,000 students have graduated since its first class of nine students in 1885 and about 300 of today's active duty admirals, generals and senior executive service leaders are alumni.

For more news from Naval War College, visit www.navy.mil/local/nwc/.


http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94252



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MessagePosté le: Mar 19 Avr - 01:01 (2016)    Sujet du message: PENTAGON TO DEPLOY FLEET OF UNDERWATER ROBOTS IN SOUTH CHINA SEA Répondre en citant

PENTAGON TO DEPLOY FLEET OF UNDERWATER ROBOTS IN SOUTH CHINA SEA


© REUTERS/ U.S. Navy/Handout via Reuters
Asia & Pacific
22:00 18.04.2016(updated 01:26 19.04.2016) 

In the latest sign that the US has no intention to back down in the South China Sea, the Pentagon has announced plans to launch underwater drones near the Spratly archipelago.

Over the past year, Washington has expressed outrage over a series of land reclamation projects by Beijing in the South China Sea. In a show of opposition, the Pentagon has conducted several provocative actions in the region, including Navy patrols within the territorial limits of those islands and surveillance flights through Chinese airspace.


© AP Photo/ Lolita C. Baldor
US Sends Warplanes, Troops, and Ashton Carter to South China Sea

"Countries across the Asia-Pacific are voicing concern with China’s land reclamation, which stands out in size and scope, as well as its militarization in the South China Sea," US Defense Secretary Ashton Carter said during a visit to the USS Stennis in the South China Sea on Friday.

While Beijing has repeatedly urged for calm, Washington has ratcheted up its maneuvers, announcing new plans to deploy a fleet of unmanned submersibles into the waterway.

Carter said that the Pentagon is perfecting "new undersea drones in multiple sizes and diverse payloads that can, importantly, operate in shallow water, where submarines cannot."

The Pentagon plans to spend as much as $8 billion over the next year on submarines, both manned and unmanned, but the priority will be on arming autonomous submersibles.

"The idea is that if we were ever to get into a bust-up in the South China Sea, the Chinese would not know for sure what sort of capabilities the US might have," Shawn Brimley of the Center for a New American Security, a think tank, told Financial Times.


© AP Photo/ Bullit Marquez
US, Philippines Launch Massive South China Sea War Games

"This might have deterrent impact on the potential for provocative behavior."

Submersible drones have many of the same advantages of unmanned aerial vehicles. Without a crew, unmanned craft can be made smaller and cheaper, while still housing sonar and other surveillance systems. The affordability allows the Pentagon to deploy devices in larger numbers.

The smaller size also means that the craft will be harder to detect. Unmanned submersibles could slip undetected into enemy waters for reconnaissance or attack.

"The use of undersea drones opens up a whole new area of capabilities," Brimley said.

While the Pentagon is funneling large sums into submarine development, it is simultaneously developing a fleet of unmanned surface ships. Created by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the Sea Hunter has earned the nickname “ghost ship” for its ability to autonomously and clandestinely search the world’s oceans for submarines.


© AP Photo/ Pu Haiyang
Beijing’s Ominous Threat to Washington over South China Sea: ‘Be Careful’

This ship is meant to counter both Beijing and Moscow.

"We’re working on it because we’re deeply concerned about the advancements that China and Russia are making in this space," said Peter Singer of the New America Foundation, a think tank based in Washington DC.

A highly contested region through which nearly $5 trillion international trade passes annually, the South China Sea is claimed by China, though there are overlapping claims by Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Taiwan, and Brunei.

The United States has no claims in the region.

http://sputniknews.com/asia/20160418/1038219749/south-china-sea-robot-subma…


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MessagePosté le: Mar 19 Avr - 02:36 (2016)    Sujet du message: IRAN VOWS TO DEFEND MUSLIM NATIONS AGAINST TERRORISM, ISRAEL Répondre en citant

IRAN VOWS TO DEFEND MUSLIM NATIONS AGAINST TERRORISM, ISRAEL

By the Associated Press | April 17, 2016 | 7:15 AM EDT



Iran's President Hassan Rouhani speaks at a military parade marking National Army Day in front of the mausoleum of the late revolutionary founder Ayatollah Khomeini, just outside Tehran, Iran, Sunday, April 17, 2016. Rouhani vowed to defend Muslim countries against terrorism and Israel while insisting that its neighbors should not feel threatened. Rouhani praised Iran's role in helping the Syrian and Iraqi governments roll back the Islamic State group. (AP Photo/Ebrahim Noroozi)

TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — Iran's President Hassan Rouhani on Sunday vowed to defend Muslim countries against terrorism and Israel while insisting that its neighbors should not feel threatened.

Speaking during a National Army Day parade in which Iranian forces displayed sophisticated air defense systems recently acquired from Russia, Rouhani praised Tehran's role in helping the Syrian and Iraqi governments roll back the Islamic State group.

"If tomorrow your capitals face danger from terrorism or Zionism, the power that will give you a positive answer is the Islamic Republic of Iran," he said. But he added that Iran would only help if Muslim countries asked it to, and said its military power was purely for defensive and deterrent purposes.

"The power of our armed forces is not against our southern, northern, eastern and western neighbors," he said.

He appeared to be referring to Gulf Arab states, which have long viewed Iran as seeking to dominate the region. Saudi Arabia and Iran are longtime rivals that back opposite sides in the Syrian and Yemeni civil wars.

During the parade, the army displayed Russian-made S-300 air defense missiles delivered earlier this month.

In 2010, Russia froze a deal to supply the sophisticated systems to Iran, linking the decision to U.N. sanctions. President Vladimir Putin lifted the suspension last year following Iran's deal with six world powers that curbed its nuclear program in exchange for relief from international sanctions.

The United States and Israel have expressed concern over the missile systems, fearing they could upset the regional balance of military power.
Iran also displayed tanks, light submarines, short-range missiles and other weapons.

http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/iran-vows-defend-muslim-nations-against…



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MessagePosté le: Mar 19 Avr - 02:57 (2016)    Sujet du message: PEACE, STABILITY GAINS IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE SIGNAL NEED TO WEIGH FUTURE UN ROLE IN COUNTRY - UN PEACEKEEPING CHIEF Répondre en citant

PEACE, STABILITY GAINS IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE SIGNAL NEED TO WEIGH FUTURE UN ROLE IN COUNTRY - UN PEACEKEEPING CHIEF



12 April 2016 – With Côte d’Ivoire now firmly anchored on the path of peace, stability and economic recovery, the top United Nations peacekeeping official today said that it is perhaps time to consider wrapping up the UN mission and begin to consider the Organization’s future role in supporting the consolidating the country’s gains.

“Cote d’Ivoire has greatly advanced since the deployment of UNOCI [the United Nations Operation in the West African country] in April 2004,” Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Hervé Ladsous told the Security Council this afternoon, particularly welcoming the Government’s ongoing reforms to the expansion of the political space and strengthening of unity and national cohesion.

Meanwhile, he added, discussions are underway for the holding of a constitutional referendum planned by the end of the year, the adoption of a new Constitution that will better reflect developments the socio-political context of Côte d’Ivoire over the past decade.

Despite a largely stable security situation, Mr. Ladsous noted, however, that there are “weaknesses” including intra-community conflicts in some regions of the country, as well as military threats in the southeast.

“The country is subjected to areas of tension in the region Boukani in the northeast, as evidenced during violent clashes in the night of Wednesday to Thursday, 24 March, between pastoralists and farmers in Bouna” he recalled, adding that the clash left at least 30 dead and displaced more than 2,000 people.

Since the terrorist attacks of 13 March in Grand Bassam, claimed by al-Mourabitoun group affiliated with Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the Government has taken proactive measures to identify and bring to justice those responsible attacks further noted Mr. Ladsous, hailing the passage strengthening sub-regional cooperation in the fight against terrorism and violent extremism.

If Ivory Coast still gripped by a volatile security situation, characterized by the presence of militiamen and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons, stabilization of the country, however, allowed the return of displaced persons and refugees, putting an end to the humanitarian crisis, welcomed the Secretary-General.

In view of these elements, he said it “would be appropriate, in my opinion, to conclude the phase of our collective commitment through the peacekeeping Mission in the country.”

While welcoming the Security Council’s willingness “in the near future” to determine the situation in Côte d’Ivoire is no longer a threat to regional peace and security, Mr. Ladsous urged the body to define the future role of the UN in the country to support the consolidation of peace, stability and democracy.

Centro de Noticias ONU

http://www.estema.com.mx/peace-stability-gains-in-cote-divoire-signal-need-to-weigh-future-un-role-in-country-un-peacekeeping-chief/


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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Avr - 02:48 (2016)    Sujet du message: HERE IS WHAT PUTIN'S CREATION OF A 400,000-STRONG 'NATIONAL GUARD' IS ALL ABOUT Répondre en citant

HERE IS WHAT PUTIN'S CREATION OF A 400,000-STRONG 'NATIONAL GUARD' IS ALL ABOUT
 
It adresses several problems for Putin not just the one western media has been focusing on

Gordon M. Hahn

(Gordon Hahn's Blog)

Fri, Apr 15, 2016


Putin and Zolotov

Originally appeared at Gordon Hahn's Blog

On April 5th Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a series of presidential decrees “transforming” the Internal Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) into a new “Federal Service of the Troops of the National Guard” (Federal’naya sluzhba Voisk Natsional’noi Gvardii or FSVNG) and transferring the MVD’s 187,571 Internal Troops to the FSVNG and renaming them the National Guard or NG (link 1 and link 2).

Putin appointed his long-time associate Viktor Vasilievich Zolotov as FSVNG director (Link). He appointed Zolotov to head the MVD’s Internal Troops in October 2014. Although the formal transfer of these troops to the new FSVNG will not be completed until the beginning of 2018, the transfer is de facto already taking place with the formation of the new federal service and the requirement that the MVD coordinate with Zolotov as the transition proceeds and Zolotov now reporting directly to the president rather than through MVD chief.

In making this reorganization, Putin has addressed several problems facing him this year. I emphasize ‘several’ problems, since many analysts tend to focus on one cause to explain events, falling into a bias trap formed by their area of specialization  of study or political or interpretative prejudices or both. In particular, Putin has acquired some robust insurance against political threats both from above and from below.

Putin’s move accomplishes at least six tasks.

First, Putin both consolidated and thus strengthened the troops responsible for ensuring domestic law and order. This reduces the potential for inter-departmental tension, violent conflict, and armed clashes possible in conditions of potential greater instability.

Second, Putin has garnered more capacity to suppress any possible unrest or ‘color revolution’ being hatched around the September Duma elections. He now has more direct control for operations that might be necessary to contain public protests. Opposition forces might attempt to repeat the protests of winter 2011 against the results of the December 2011 Duma election results and spark a ‘color revolution.’

The West’s ‘dual-use’ technology of democracy-promotion aims to create critical masses within non-democratic societies capable of engineering regime change. Whether regime change occurs by way of reform ‘from above’, negotiated ‘transition’, or revolution is of secondary to no concern. Therefore, the color revolution threat in Russia is real.

One can expect that in times of near catastrophic U.S.-Russian relations, the desire of many in Washington and Brussles for a color revolution in Russia is even greater. Putin knows this and is preparing to act accordingly. Of course, there is also the possibility that the Kremlin would be faced by a genuinely indigenous revolt not tied to Western patrons or models.

Third, in the FSVNG and NG Putin also has an instrument to protect himself and his loyalists from a less likely, albeit, palace coup. The pressures on the Russian economy, real and perceived foreign policy threats requiring high defense and security expenditures, massive corruption, and the resulting, slightly growing potential for a declne in Putin’s authority inside the regime could split the regime. The guard is added insurance against a regime split, palace coup, or other elite machinations.

Fourth, Putin’s reorganization wrested all siloviki located in Chechnya from the Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov’s hands. Putin likely conditioned his renewal of support for Kadyrov’s re-election was probably conditioned on the latter’s willingness to surrender to Moscow full control over all MVD, now NG troops and Chechen presidential guard units.

Although the MVD transitioned mostly federal control with Putin’s formation of federal districts in 2004 and to full federal control with Medvedev’s reforms, the reality is that in Chechnya and to perhaps some extent in some other powerful Russian regions the local authorities retained considerable control over the MVD branches in their regions.

In Chechnya, Kadyrov appeared to have nearly full control over the MVD bodies there. The Kremlin had little choice to at least contain Kadyrov’s ambitions in this way, if it cannot risk attempting to remove him, given Kadyrov’s audacity, volatility, unpredictability, likely crimes, and yet stabilizing role not only in Chechnya but in many ways across much of the North Caucasus. Instability in Chechnya would likely to destabilize other regions of the North Caucasus, especially if the instability in question is jihadist or otherwise religious or supra-ethnic.

Ironically, one upshot of Putin’s move is that it might reduce stability in Chechnya. The reform could entail a purge of former Chechen militants who were brought into the MVD’s Internal Troops in Chechnya, including those brought in when the Chechen MVD incorporated into its internal troops in Chechnya some of the battalions consisting of former militants organized by Kadyrov and ostensibly subordinated to the MVD.

Will some of these return to militant or criminal activity, destabilizing the region? Will Kadyrov’s removal from full control over the deployment of internal troops in Chechnya and the need to communicate with Moscow slow down deployment in an emergency counter-terrorism operation? Will Kadyrov’s weakened position allow Moscow to arrest the suspected organizer of Boris Nemtsov’s murder – Ruslan Geremeev, the head of the ‘Sever’ (North) Battalion, formerly subordinated to Kadyrov through the Chechen MVD? If so, how will local Chechens, including Kadyrov, react?

Another irony is that with the NG’s formation and MVD’s reorganization, Putin has acquired a loyal presidential guard not unlike that Kadyrov has possessed.

Fifth, by removing the Internal Troops so it might concentrate on standard police functions, Putin has taken another step in reforming the MVD first begun during Dmitrii Medvedev’s reforms, which have produced a slight improvement in the conduct of police in relation to citizens. Indeed, according to Novaya gazeta, the currently ongoing recertification of MVD personnel will be completed by 2018, whereupon all remaining personnel will be transferred permanently to the FSVNG (Link).

Simultaneously, Putin compensates the MVD by abolishing the Federal Migration Service (FMC) and Federal Service for State Control of Narcotics and transferring their functions to the MVD. This also involves a certain streamlining, since the MVD staff managing state control of narcotics will be 30 percent less than that under the abolished department (Link). Transferring the migration control to the MVD also makes sense since monitoring immigrants and visitiors to Russia has long been a function shared by the MVD and FMS.

Sixth, by promoting Zolotov, one of his most faithful and long-time associates, into the very top ranks of the siloviki organs, Putin further consolidated his control over the siloviki and overall state apparatus.

In 1991 Zolotov worked in the personal protection service in the Kremlin under Putin’s predecessor Boris Yeltsin and can be seen wearing the dark jacket standing behind and above Yeltsin’s chief bodyguard Aleksandr Korzhakov in the famous photograph of Yeltsin atop a tank declaring national resistance to the August 1991 hardline Soviet coup against USSR President Mikhail Gorbachev.



Zolotov then served in the body guard service of then St. Petersburg mayor and Putin mentor Anatolii Sobchak before becoming St. Petersburg deputy mayor Putin’s bodyguard. The well-informed editor-inchief of Ekho Moskvy radio, Aleksei Venediktov describes Zolotov as “extremely influential, extremely”—a person who “is not simply a member of his (Putin’s ) team but one who is personally loyal to him,… with whom (Putin) spends his free time, personal time. They played pool and went to meetings about which no one is to know, and answered directly for (Putin’s) safety in particular when he flew to Chechnya” (Link).

Putin not only appointed Zolotov to head the new FSVNG and NG, but he also signed a decree making Zolotov a permanent member of Russia’s powerful Security Council (Link). This was a personal, not an ‘ex officio’ appointment—that is, Zolotov was appointed to the Security Council; the position or officeholder of FSVNG director will not have the automatic status as a Security Council permanent member that several other high-ranking positions have.

In addition, the FSVNG and Zolotov will be working closely with MVD and its chief Vladimir Kolokoltsev, and Zolotov now reports directly to Putin without, even just in theory, having to go through Kolokoltsev.

Among the the FSVNG’s functions are the preservation of public order and security and implementing emergency situations. The decree stipulates that these two functions are to be carried out jointly with the MVD. Also, “operational subordination” involving the deployment of the mobile special OMON forces, the rapid response forces, special operations forces and aviation formerly belonging to the MVD will now be “established by the MVD with the agreement of the FSVNG director” (Link).

Two years ago there were Moscow rumors and Western analysts predicting that Kolokoltsev, who is considered a moderate reformer, was soon to be fired and replaced by Zolotov. Thus, Putin has moved one of his most loyal clients into the important Security Council and simulataneously into functions where he can keep an eye on MVD chief Kolokoltsev, a functionary who is not from Putin’s Petersburg and siloviki circles.

Details from the Decrees on the FSVNG and NG:
The presidential decree transfers the Internal Troops from the MVD to the FSVNG. These Internal Troops are now called the National Guard or NG.

The FSVNG is part of the executive branch, which is headed by the president of Russia. It is led by a “Director,” and the service’s director is simultaneously the commander of the NG’s troops.

The director will have six deputy directors, including a first deputy director who will simultaneously be Chief of Staff of the NG and a “state secretary/deputy director (Link).

The NG comprises just a part of the FSVNG and its troop formations. Also transferred under the FSVNG are the departments of the MVD formerly carrying out the functions now transferred to the FSVNG, including: the rapid reaction forces of the MVD’s territorial sununits; the MVD’s OMON (mobile special forces); the MVD’s Center for special operational response forces and aviation; the MVD administrations and other sub-departments exercising federal oversight over weapons trafficking, personal protection and government personnel security guard service, including the MVD’s Center for Specially Designated Government Personnel Security Protection, and the federal state unitary enterprise ‘Okhrana.’

The rapid reaction forces and special operational forces and aviation remain under the MVD’s operational command, however.

The FSVNG’s functions include: preserving public and security and implementing emergency situations jointly with the MVD; counter-terrorism and securing the legal regime counter-terrorist operations; counter-extremism; territorial defense; protection of important state sites and special convoys; assisting the Border Troops of the FSB in protecting the Russia’s borders; monitoring compliance with Russian laws on weapons, private security activity, and extra-departmental protection (Link).

More information on the new service and Guard should be forthcoming once the Cabinet of Ministers determines the number of national guardsmen and drafts a statute as it has been instructed to do in Putin’s decree (Link).

http://russia-insider.com/en/here-what-putins-establishment-national-guard-all-about/ri13904


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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Avr - 03:41 (2016)    Sujet du message: USS STOCKDALE CONDUCTS TRILATERAL PASSEX WITH ALLIED NAVIES Répondre en citant

USS STOCKDALE CONDUCTS TRILATERAL PASSEX WITH ALLIED NAVIES

Story Number: NNS160419-10Release Date: 4/19/2016 10:32:00 AM  

By Mass Communications Specialist 2nd Class Andrew P. Holmes, Task Force 73 Public Affairs


160311-N-MJ645-508 SEA OF JAPAN (March 11, 2016) The guided-missile destroyer USS Chung-Hoon (DDG 93) takes on supplies during a vertical replenishment-at-sea with the Military Sealift Command combat support ship USNS Rainier(T-AOE 7) to take on supplies. Providing a ready force supporting security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific, both Chung-Hoon and Stockdale are operating as part of the John C. Stennis Strike Group and Great Green Fleet on a regularly scheduled 7th Fleet deployment. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Marcus L. Stanley/Released)

JAVA SEA (NNS) -- Guided-missile destroyer USS Stockdale conducted a trilateral passing exercise with ships from the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force and Royal Australian Navy in the Java Sea April 17 to 19.

The exercise, conducted with Australian frigate HMAS Anzac and Japanese helicopter destroyer JS Ise, was designed to increase maritime interoperability and deepen mutual understanding with allies and partners in the Indo-Asia-Pacific.

"The exercise was an excellent learning experience," said Cmdr. Sean Grunwell, commanding officer of Stockdale. "You can't simulate the challenges of working with units you don't operate with on a regular basis, and it has provided invaluable training for everyone involved."

The exercise took place during the transit from Padang, Indonesia, to Singapore after the ships participated in the Multilateral Naval Exercise Komodo 2016. The three-ship force conducted several evolutions during the transit, including helicopter cross deck landings and ship maneuvers.

The ships also conducted an at-sea personnel exchange to enhance coordination and strengthen relationships between the three navies.

Commanding Officer of HMAS Anzac, Cmdr. Belinda Wood, said the activity at the end of Komodo 2016 was immensely valuable for her ship and crew.

"The opportunity to exercise with the U.S. Navy and the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force is a privilege and has afforded HMAS Anzac the ability to conduct maneuvers, simulated operations room exercises, and to cross deck personnel; providing a rare insight into life onboard a partner nation warship. Working with partner navies can be challenging, but is also an extremely rewarding experience and one that Anzac has enjoyed immensely," said Wood.

Providing a ready force supporting peace and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific, Stockdale is operating as part of the John C. Stennis Strike Group and Great Green Fleet on a regularly scheduled 7th Fleet deployment.

For more news from Commander, Task Force 73, visit www.navy.mil/local/ctf73/


http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94264



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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Avr - 03:45 (2016)    Sujet du message: STENNIS AND ROKN WORK TOGETHER DURING FOAL EAGLE Répondre en citant

STENNIS AND ROKN WORK TOGETHER DURING FOAL EAGLE

Story Number: NNS160419-09Release Date: 4/19/2016 10:31:00 AM

By Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Cole C. Pielop, USS John C. Stennis Public Affairs


160324-N-XX566-253 PACIFIC OCEAN (March 24, 2016) Ships assigned to the John C. Stennis Strike Group and ships assigned to the Republic of Korea (ROK) Navy 1st Fleet Maritime Battle Group One steam together during Maritime Counter Special Operations Force (MCSOF) exercise, which is part of Foal Eagle 2016. Foal Eagle is an annual bilateral training exercise designed to enhance the readiness of U.S. and ROK forces and their ability to work together during a crisis. Providing a ready force supporting security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific, USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) is operating as part of the Great Green Fleet on a regularly scheduled 7th Fleet deployment. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Andre T. Richard/Released)

WATERS SURROUNDING THE KOREAN PENINSULA (NNS) -- USS John C. Stennis and Republic of Korea navy destroyer Gang Gam-chan, worked together to land aircraft during exercise Foal Eagle, March 23.

The landing signal officer has mere seconds to determine how low or high an aircraft is coming in and whether to signal the aircraft to land or to wave it off.

On especially dark nights, when the LSO can't see the horizon line, a ship called the horizon reference unit is used to signify the horizon.

"When there is no horizon, a destroyer or cruiser will be brought about a mile-and-a-half off of the starboard stern of the carrier," said Lt. Bobby Richards, a tactical action officer for John C. Stennis, from Fredericksburg, Va. "The lights from the ship let the LSO determine an aircraft's positioning."

The HRU ship turns off all their lights except a mast light which indicates the horizon.

"Imagine you are in a dark gym and someone points a laser pointer at the wall and asks how high it is," said Lt. Cmdr. David Wrigley, an LSO from Carrier Air Wing 9, from Olive Branch, Miss. "You just don't know, especially when it's a few hundred yards away. It's the same for us when an aircraft is coming in. The HRU provides us a reference instead of just guessing."

Moon brightness, fog and the sea roughness play a role in how critical it is to have an HRU and make clear communication a key factor.

"Communicating with another nation's navy isn't always easy," said Richards. "It all depends on the captain's experience being an HRU. If the unit hasn't done [it] before we will station them a little farther back and see how they operate. If it goes well we will pull them closer so the LSO has a better reference."

Training another navy's ship to be an HRU builds the interoperability between the nations, one of exercise Foal Eagle's goals.

"It's awesome that we can use another nation's navy as an HRU," said Richards. "Just because we are from a different country and serve different navies, we still do the same job."

Foal Eagle is a series of joint and combined field training exercises conducted by U.S. and ROK Combined Forces Command and United States Forces Korea (USFK) component commands (ground, air, naval, and special operations) taking place on the Korean peninsula and surrounding waters. The John C. Stennis Strike Group participated in the Maritime Counter Special Operations Force portion of the exercise, which wrapped up March 24.

Providing a ready force supporting security and stability in the Indo-Asia-Pacific, John C. Stennis is operating as part of the Great Green Fleet on a regularly scheduled 7th Fleet deployment.

For more news on USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) visit www.facebook.com/stennis74

For more news from USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74), visit www.navy.mil/local/cvn74/


http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94260



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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Avr - 05:56 (2016)    Sujet du message: WALMART'S ROLE IN THE NEW WORLD ORDER EXPOSED : POLICE STATE, RFID CHIPPING, FEMA CAMPS? Répondre en citant

WALMART'S ROLE IN THE NEW WORLD ORDER EXPOSED : POLICE STATE, RFID CHIPPING, FEMA CAMPS?



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9NEInALvba8&ebc=ANyPxKqdHJrIRfW8cyLjuic…



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MessagePosté le: Mer 20 Avr - 07:16 (2016)    Sujet du message: FRANCE : CAZENEUVE DEVOILE SON PLAN POUR LES FORCES D'ELITE Répondre en citant

FRANCE : CAZENEUVE DEVOILE SON PLAN POUR LES FORCES D'ELITE



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCXsUqrKtt4


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MessagePosté le: Ven 22 Avr - 04:50 (2016)    Sujet du message: THINKING MARITIME SECURITY AT IMCMEX Répondre en citant

THINKING MARITIME SECURITY AT IMCMEX

Story Number: NNS160421-15Release Date: 4/21/2016 3:18:00 PM  

By Ens. Haider Mullick, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command Public Affairs


Aerographer™s Mate Airman Phillip Coen, attached to Commander, Task Group 56.1, briefs Rear Adm. Gene Black, deputy commander, U.S. Naval Central Command, on the post mission assessments of a MK 18 mod 2 unmanned underwater vehicle during a visit to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary Cardigan Bay during the International Mine Countermeasure Exercise (IMCMEX) 16, April 17, 2016. IMCMEX 16 is a multilateral exercise using all aspects of defensive maritime infrastructure protection to demonstrate the global resolve to maintain freedom of navigation and the free flow of maritime commerce throughout the U.S. 5th Fleet area of responsibility. (U.S. Navy Combat Camera photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class David Giorda/Released)

MANAMA, Bahrain (NNS) -- What if a wall of sea mines halts international commerce across the Arabian Gulf, and the waterways throughout the Middle East? What if hostile forces attack international ports and sink ships carrying essential cargo? Are the U.S. and allies, especially regional partners, ready to respond to these potential threats?

Naval, civilian and maritime industry leaders from more than 30 countries are mulling these questions as part of the 2016 International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX), a defensive maritime exercise held in the international waterways of the Middle East.

IMCMEX prepares participating nations on neutralizing sea mines, conducting maritime security operations, protecting maritime infrastructure such as ports, mitigating mass casualties on sea, and conducting search and rescue, and visit, board, search and seizure operations such as counter-narcotic and illegal weapon cache seizures and anti-piracy operations.

IMCMEX has two major components: the fleet tactical exercise, which focuses on shipboard, air, and undersea training including hunting and neutralizing mines and conducting port and maritime security operations, and the command post exercise (CPX), centered on multinational headquarter-level staff planning, execution and review of operations against a fictitious non-state group bent on using mines to disrupt sea lanes and attack maritime infrastructure.

"CPX provides a platform for an all-encompassing planning, executing and reviewing methodology for a multi-national complex naval campaign designed to counter threats to navigation, maritime infrastructure and global security," said Lt. Cmdr. Tristan Wagner, one of the lead planners of IMCMEX.

The CPX is the intellectual hub for senior naval officers to plan for contingencies, to debate multiple courses of action based on intelligence using state of the art technologies, such as unmanned underwater vehicles, and to capture lessons learned once a current operation or crisis is over.

These scenarios are integrated in four phases: training command and control staff officers in an international environment, internal think tank-style discussions over strategy, a battle lab to test courses of action before implementation, and executing operations to safeguard sea lanes, ports and ships. The exercise will end in a lessons learned wrap up, commonly called a "hot wash."

"With 13 nations participating, and the U.S. Naval War College and the U.S. Joint Staff, the exercise has already produced great success as different navies learn to collaborate, debate and implement as a global force," said Wagner.

IMCMEX is focused on maritime security from the port of origin to the port of arrival, and demonstrates global resolve in maintaining freedom of navigation and the free of flow of maritime commerce. CPX ended April 21, but IMCMEX will continue through April 26.

For more news from Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/5th Fleet, visit www.navy.mil/local/cusnc/.

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94317



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MessagePosté le: Sam 23 Avr - 03:43 (2016)    Sujet du message: US, SWEDISH FORCES CONDUCT BILATERAL NAVAL EXERCISE Répondre en citant

US, SWEDISH FORCES CONDUCT BILATERAL NAVAL EXERCISE

Story Number: NNS160422-24Release Date: 4/22/2016 2:31:00 PM

From U.S. Naval Forces Europe-Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet


160422-N-TC720-480 BALTIC SEA (April 22, 2016) A U.S. Navy P-3 Orion aircraft from Patrol Squadron (VP) 4 comes alongside USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) as part of a U.S.-Sweden bi-lateral naval exercise meant to enhance interoperability between the two nations. Donald Cook, an Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer, forward deployed to Rota, Spain is operating in the Baltic Sea as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve in order to assure allies of our shared commitment and to build interoperability toward peace and stability in the Baltic region. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Mat Murch/Released)

BALTIC SEA (NNS) -- USS Donald Cook (DDG 75) and a U.S. Navy P-3 Orion from Patrol Squadron (VP) 4 conducted an underway engagement with the Swedish Navy, April 22.

Training alongside partners such as Sweden allows for increased proficiencies across warfare areas as our two nations work toward a safe and prosperous Baltic region.

Quote:
"We are pleased to be conducting an exercise with our Swedish allies which will enhance interoperability between our Navies. Professional exercises between partners in the region, continue to promote a mutual commitment to regional and global security."

-Cmdr. Charles Hampton, commanding officer, USS Donald Cook

"The ability to execute anti-submarine warfare flight operations into the Baltic Sea from regional partner nations is crucial to maintaining theater security. Drills and exercises like this with our partners provide vital opportunities to increase our ASW expertise, improve allied naval interoperability, and refine our expeditionary capabilities. From our Polish hosts to Swedish naval units, this exercise has demonstrated the effective communication and cooperation within the region. It has been an honor to be a part such a successful team effort."

- Lt. Cmdr. Matthew Garcia, officer in charge and mission commander of (VP) 4 Combat Aircrew 11 (CAC-11)

"It's always great to travel and work alongside our Allied Partners. Our team is greatly appreciative of the support and new relationships that we have built with our Polish hosts. It has truly been a pleasure and we look forward to continuing to operate in the region."

- Senior Enlisted Leader, Chief Petty Officer (AWFC) Frank Wilson (VP) 4 Detachment

Quick Facts:

Donald Cook (DDG 75) and VP-4 conducted ASW training while in the Baltic Sea. Earlier today, Donald Cook first dropped an Expendable Mobile Underwater Anti-Submarine Warfare Training Target (EMATT) and began anti-submarine warfare exercises with a U.S. Navy P-3 Orion from Patrol Squadron (VP) 4.

Afterward, Donald Cook (DDG 75) and VP- 4 conducted serialized training events with Swedish armed forces in a number of warfare areas to include mine warfare and air defense.

Donald Cook and the Swedish navy practiced air defense tactics against a Swedish aircraft that simulated a threat air target and wrapped up with a maritime domain exercise that enhanced each nation's situational awareness of surface ships in the Baltic Sea.

VP-4 is forward-deployed to Sigonella, Italy, and is currently operating from Lansk, Poland, to assist in anti-submarine warfare training. The maritime security drills are meant to build interoperability and increase unit-level proficiencies in order to enhance maritime security of the Baltic Sea.

Donald Cook, a multi-mission destroyer forward-deployed to Rota, Spain, and is currently operating in the Baltic Sea as part of Operation Atlantic Resolve in order to assure allies of our shared commitment and to build interoperability toward peace and stability in the Baltic region.

U.S. 6th Fleet, headquartered in Naples, Italy, conducts the full spectrum of joint and naval operations, often in concert with allied, joint, and interagency partners, in order to advance U.S. national interests and security and stability in Europe and Africa.

This press release was updated at 1732 CET to correct errors of fact. Changes were made to the Quick Facts section that distinguished the ASW serial event as being separate from the exercise conducted with the Swedish navy.

For more news from Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe and Africa/U.S. 6th Fleet, visit www.navy.mil/local/naveur/.

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94354


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MessagePosté le: Dim 24 Avr - 03:30 (2016)    Sujet du message: MAFIA DECLARES WAR ON MIGRANTS "SICILY MORE LIKE BEIRUT THAN EUROPE" Répondre en citant



MAFIA DECLARES WAR ON MIGRANTS "SICILY MORE LIKE BEIRUT THAN EUROPE"


COSA NOSTRA mafia in the battle
 
Migrants versus the MAFIA: Cosa Nostra 'declares war' on refugees as mayor says Sicily capital feels more like Istanbul or Beirut than Europe

...

http://norwegiandefenceleague.info/14-news/world-news-europe/856-mafia-decl…


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MessagePosté le: Dim 24 Avr - 04:07 (2016)    Sujet du message: NORTH KOREAN MISSILE EXPLODED, DAMAGED LAUNCHER IN FAILED TEST Répondre en citant

NORTH KOREAN MISSILE EXPLODED, DAMAGED LAUNCHER IN FAILED TEST

U.S. commander says threats from Pyongyang increasing


North Korea's Musudan intermediate-range ballistic missile showcased during a military parade in Pyongyang / AP

BY: Bill Gertz Follow @BillGertz
April 20, 2016 5:00 am


North Korea’s first attempt to test-launch a new intermediate-range missile last week failed after the Musudan blew up shortly after launch, causing a huge fireball that damaged the mobile launcher, according to American defense officials.

“We’re still assessing the specifics of it but I can tell you that it was a fiery, catastrophic attempt at a launch,” Pentagon spokesman Navy Capt. Jeff Davis told reporters Friday. “It was not successful.”

The test failure on Friday represents a setback for North Korea’s largely untested long-range nuclear missile forces that include launch pad-based Taepodong-2 missiles, and two road-mobile systems, the KN-08 and Musudan. The Pentagon last month also confirmed that a newer long-range mobile missile, the KN-14, was unveiled during a recent military parade. North Korea also is developing submarine-launched nuclear missiles.

U.S. strategic defense surveillance systems, both airborne and space-based, closely monitored the Musudan test and videotaped the explosion during the attempted launch from a beach on North Korea’s east coast.

In addition to damaging the launcher, the explosion may have injured or killed North Korean missile technicians near the site.

Two road-mobile Musudan launchers were set up for the test, but the second was not fired after the explosion, officials familiar with reports of the launch said.

The missile is estimated to have a range of up to 2,500 miles, enough to hit the western Pacific island of Guam, a key strategic military base in the Pentagon’s new pivot to Asia.

Army Gen. Vincent K. Brooks, nominee for commander of U.S. Forces Korea, told the Senate Armed Services Committee on Tuesday that the North Korean missile program is advancing despite testing and other problems.

Asked by Committee Chairman Sen. John McCain (R., Ariz.) about North Korea’s intercontinental ballistic missile program, Brooks said: “At the present time, Senator, I think that they’re struggling with getting the program up and operational.”

“But it’s very clear through the parades that they’ve done, what systems they have and some of the attempted launches that they have not had success in, over time, I believe we’re going to see them acquire these capabilities if they’re not stopped,” the four-star general said.

One diplomatic source familiar with reports of the test failure said the likely cause of the explosion, which occurred within five to six seconds after launch, was a faulty fuel system or turbo pump failure.

The Musudan intermediate-range ballistic missile is an indigenous variant of the Russian SS-N-6 submarine-launched ballistic missile, known by Moscow as the R-27, that the North obtained covertly from Russia sometime in the 1990s.

The missile blew up about 300 feet above the ground.

“The North Koreans seemed to just believe it would succeed because the R-27 SLBM of former Soviet Union was one of the most tested nuclear warhead delivery systems ever produced, and North Korea had already done a lot of ground tests,” the source said. “However, a real launching test is totally different from the ground test.”

Western intelligence agencies do not know the ultimate cause of the launch failure. “And the North Koreans probably don’t either,” the source said.

Brooks, the likely next commander of U.S. Forces Korea is currently commander of U.S. Army Forces Pacific.

In his written statement to the committee, Brooks disclosed that the threat posed by North Korea under its current leader Kim Jong Un is increasing.

“Kim Jong Un’s assumption of power following his father’s death in December 2011 has led to a more aggressive and unpredictable North Korea,” Brooks stated. “He exercises complete dominion over his subordinates in a humiliating and brutal fashion including purges, public demotions and re-promotions of military leaders, and brutal public executions.”

According to Brooks, the North Korean missile arsenal includes several hundred short-range Toksa and Scuds and medium-range Nodongs.

“The developmental IRBM, Musudan, though untested and potentially unreliable as a weapon, could also be launched at targets in the region,” he stated, adding that the KN-08 “is capable of targeting the U.S.”

The test in February of a Taepodong-2 space launcher “significantly contributes to North Korea’s long-range ballistic missile development, since they have many shared technologies,” he said.

North Korea has also been developing a submarine-launched ballistic missile since at least May 2015. The new SLBM “highlights its commitment to diversifying its missile forces and nuclear delivery options, while strengthening missile force survivability,” Brooks said. “If this system becomes operational, it will have a security impact to the Pacific region.”

Last week, Adm. Bill Gortney, commander of the U.S. Northern Command, told a House hearing that the U.S. intelligence community assesses a “low probability” North Korea can deploy a successful road-mobile missile with a nuclear warhead capable of reaching the United States.

“As the commander accountable for defending the homeland, I choose to assess that he does have that capability,” Gortney said. “And I think it’s the prudent course of action; it’s what I think the American people would like me to base my readiness assessment on to be prepared to engage it.”

Gortney, who is in charge of ground-based interceptors in Alaska and California, said his forces are ready to engage any North Korean missiles fired toward the country.

North Korea has not tested the “end-to-end” long-range missile capability, although the space launcher placed a satellite in orbit, Gortney told the House Armed Services subcommittee on strategic forces.

“But the re-entry vehicle that needs to go with it, the solid rocket metal fuel, we need to see that end-to-end test,” Gortney said Thursday. “But I’m not waiting for that end-to-end test on my assessment.”

The Musudan and KN-08 also posed greater threats because of the road mobility.

“Previously, when North Korea assembles a rocket, we have intel that we can detect through all forms of intel,” Gortney said. “Whenever you get into a road-mobile target, it’s very, very difficult to be able to track, quickly set up, and shoot. Most of my career I dropped bombs for a living and mobile targets are what always cause me to pause. And that’s exactly why this is a tough challenge for us.”

During the Senate hearing Tuesday, Brooks said he was “very concerned” by reports of joint missile development cooperation between North Korea and Iran.

The military’s plan to counter North Korean missiles is under development and called the “4D Strategy” for detect, defend, disrupt, and destroy North Korean missile threats.

Brooks said the Army’s advanced missile defense system, Terminal High-Altitude Area Defense, or THAAD, is needed in South Korea, and talks have been underway for deployment.

Under pressure from China, South Korea delayed deploying the system until February when the North Koreans conducted a Taepodong-2 flight test.

North Korea also is continuing to build nuclear weapons and has conducted four underground tests, in 2006, 2009, 2013, and in January.

South Korean news reports this week stated that increased vehicular traffic at a North Korean nuclear test site indicated another nuclear test blast is being readied.

“It’s my opinion that North Korea is moving in the wrong direction and the changes that we’ve seen are all provocative and more dangerous,” Brooks said during the hearing, noting North Korea’s “willingness to draw blood, to sink vessels, to fire some of their numerous artillery systems into population areas, to put land mines outside of Republic of Korea camps.”

http://freebeacon.com/national-security/north-korean-missile-exploded-failed/



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MessagePosté le: Dim 24 Avr - 04:14 (2016)    Sujet du message: MILITARY TO CLAIM ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM AS NEW "DOMAIN" ~ APRIL 23 2016 Répondre en citant

MILITARY TO CLAIM ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM AS NEW "DOMAIN" ~ APRIL 23 2016



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T084MapGPzE

VCJCS MULLS NEWEST DOMAIN : ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

By Sydney J. Freedberg Jr. on April 22, 2016 at 12:54 PM



Air Force electronic warfare officers aboard an RC-135 Rivet Joint

WASHINGTON: The Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is taking a “very serious” look at to making the electromagnetic spectrum a formal “domain” of military operations, a top aide to the Pentagon’s chief information officer told me this morning. The move would elevate the ethereal realm of radio waves and radar to the same level of importance as land, sea, air, space, and cyberspace, with ramifications rippling across the military’s budget, training, and organization.

We’ve written for years about the military’s anxiety that it has “lost the electromagnetic spectrum” to increasingly sophisticated adversaries like Russia and China, who can jam or spoof the networks and sensors on which US operations depend. We’ve also written about the effort to elevate the spectrum to a domain to ensure it gets top-level attention and resources, an effort in which the Pentagon CIO plays a leading role. Now it looks like that effort is gathering major momentum.


Maj. Gen. Sandra Finan

“Spectrum operations are so important that we ought to look at declaring the electromagnetic spectrum a domain,” said Maj. Gen. Sandra Finan, deputy CIO for C4 and information infrastructure, told an AFCEA conference this morning. “We are going to be operating offensively and defensively across that domain,” she continued. “So I think that’s one of the most important things that we can see in the future.”

Such a blunt endorsement of the domain idea stands in stark contrast to CIO Terry Halvorsen’s cautious statement on the subject five months ago. So I approached Maj. Gen. Finan after her public remarks to ask her how the effort has progressed.

“At the Vice-Chairman level, there is discussion on electromagnetic spectrum as a domain,” Finan told me. She confirmed that meant Gen. Paul Selva, Vice-Chairman of the Joint Chiefs, who — among many other roles — co-chairs a high-level Electronic Warfare Executive Committee (EW EXCOM) chartered by Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work.

“It is very heartily being debated right now. [It] is very serious,” Finan said. “It is being talked about. There are papers being written. So it’s not just a theory in somebody’s head, it is actually being debated, and I think we’re seeing some fairly positive movement on [making the spectrum] a domain.”

“The question will be how do we do it,” the general caveated. “There’s lots of complications.” The recognition of cyberspace as a domain is the big precedent, she said — and cyberspace overlaps with the electromagnetic spectrum in the form of wireless networks, she noted.

“We learned a lot of lessons from cyber,” Finan said. “Do you stand up an organization” to lead efforts in the new domain, as Cyber Command does for cyberspace? “How do you stand up an organization? What do you bring together? How do you defend it? How do you operate offensively? How do you apply all…the principles of war?”

“All of that has to be thought through,” Finan said. “You can’t just declare, ‘ok, from now on, it’s a domain,’ and everyone goes, ‘well, what does that mean’? So you have to think through all the consequences of that — and there is very serious talk on that right now.”

http://breakingdefense.com/2016/04/vcjcs-mulls-newest-domain-electromagneti…



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MessagePosté le: Lun 25 Avr - 03:14 (2016)    Sujet du message: OBAMA APPELERAIT L'ALLEMAGNE A RENFORCER LA FRONTIERE EST DE L'OTAN Répondre en citant

OBAMA APPELERAIT L'ALLEMAGNE A RENFORCER LA FRONTIERE EST DE L'OTAN

23 avr. 2016, 22:55


Source: Reuters

Le président américain entend demander Angela Merkel d’envoyer plus de militaires à la frontière Est de l’OTAN, rapporte le magazine Spiegel qui cite des documents gouvernementaux.

Barack Obama appellera Berlin à augmenter sa présence militaire sur la frontière Est de l’Alliance atlantique, rapporte le Spiegel. Le président américain entend faire part de ce désir à la chancelière allemande lors de la rencontre qui doit avoir lieu à Hannovre le 25 avril entre Barack Obama et plusieurs dirigeants européens. En plus d’Angela Merkel, le président français François Hollande, le Premier ministre britannique David Cameron et le Premier ministre italien Matteo Renzi seront présents.

Lire aussi : L’OTAN conduit des exercices militaires d’envergure en Lettonie

Selon la revue allemande, les Etats-Unis veulent que l’Allemagne augmente le nombre de ses militaires et de ses équipements en Pologne et en Roumanie.
Les hauts responsables de l’OTAN ont exprimé à plusieurs reprises leur volonté d’augmenter la présence militaire de l’Alliance dans l’Est de l’Europe sous le prétexte du renforcement des positions russes. Une attitude que Moscou a critiquée, déclarant que ces actions représentaient une menace pour sa sécurité et ses intérêts nationaux.

https://francais.rt.com/international/19558-obama-appellerait-lallemagne-renforcer-frontiere


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MessagePosté le: Lun 25 Avr - 03:18 (2016)    Sujet du message: L’ARMEE SUISSE SE PREPARE AU PIRE SCENARIO POSSIBLE SUR LES MIGRANTS Répondre en citant

L’ARMEE SUISSE SE PREPARE AU PIRE SCENARIO POSSIBLE SUR LES MIGRANTS

23 avr. 2016, 10:37


© Sébastien Bozon Source: AFP

L'armée suisse s'attend au pire

En raison du changement des routes migratoires, le gouvernement suisse a mis sur le pied de guerre 2 000 soldats aux frontières afin de pouvoir réagir rapidement à un afflux massif de réfugiés qui chercheraient à se réfugier dans le pays.

Les autorités fédérales ont déclaré avoir préparé trois scénarios potentiels allant de 10 000 arrivées par mois au pire scénario, qui est de 30 000 en quelques jours. Cette dernière probabilité «nécessiterait une intervention de l’armée», a prévenu le gouvernement.

Dans un communiqué diffusé le 20 avril, la Confédération helvétique suisse a expliqué avoir chargé le ministère de la Défense de préparer 2 000 soldats à cette éventualité.

Les plans, qui ont été acceptés le lendemain, visent à coordonner les réponses au niveau de l’Etat, des cantons et des communes.

Le gouvernement a précisé que, si aucune intervention militaire n’était nécessaire pour l'heure, il voulait cependant être en mesure de réagir au plus vite.

En raison du changement des routes migratoires, «la Suisse pourrait être confrontée dans les prochaines semaines ou mois à un afflux de personnes recherchant une protection», ont expliqué les autorités.

Si le nombre de demandeurs d’asile dans le pays a chuté depuis quelques mois, comme le révèlent les dernières statistiques, le Secrétariat d’Etat aux migrations a annoncé que la situation en Europe restait «volatile» et qu'il envisageant ainsi une remontée du nombre de demandes dans le cours de l’année 2016.

Lire aussi : Pour accueillir les réfugiés en sécurité, Zurich remplace les abris Ikea par des structures en bois

Selon les plans d’urgence, plus de 9 000 lits seraient rendus disponibles pour les migrants au cas où le pire des scénarios se matérialiserait.

https://francais.rt.com/international/19533-armee-suisse-pire-scenario-migr…


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MessagePosté le: Lun 25 Avr - 03:44 (2016)    Sujet du message: LE RENSEIGNEMENT TURC A DENONCE DES REUNIONS AMERICAINES AVEC DAECH Répondre en citant

LE RENSEIGNEMENT TURC A DENONCE DES REUNIONS AMERICAINES AVEC DAECH

Thu Apr 14, 2016 4:54PM

Accueil Moyen Orient


Un soldat américain en Irak en 2011. ©AFP

Les services de renseignement turcs viennent de révéler la tenue de réunions secrètes entre les représentants américains et les terroristes liés à Daech en Irak.

Selon le journal turc Yeni Safaq, proche du parti au pouvoir AKP, les services de renseignement turcs ont révélé que des rencontres secrètes ont eu lieu « au moins deux fois » entre des agents du renseignement américains et un dénommé Abou Ahmad Alwani, dirigeant éminent de Daech, dans la ville irakienne de Mossoul.

Les rencontres ont été organisées dans le plus grand secret.

Selon le quotidien turc la première rencontre s’est tenue le 7 décembre 2015 et la deuxième le 3 février 2016.

http://presstv.ir/DetailFr/2016/04/14/460790/Le-renseignement-turc-a-dnonc-…

Articles :

Un combattant turque de l'EI indique que la Turquie leur fournit nourriture, armes, munitions et produits de première nécessité
http://fawkes-news.blogspot.be/2016/03/un-combattant-turque-de-lei-indique-que.html

Selon un député turc, Daech se serait approvisionné en gaz sarin grâce à la Turquie

https://francais.rt.com/international/12156-exclusif--daech-se-serait

http://fr.sott.net/article/27108-Selon-un-depute-turc-Daech-se-serait-approvisionne-en-gaz-sarin-grace-a-la-Turquie
 

Le fils d'Erdogan : "ministre du Pétrole de Daech"
http://fr.sputniknews.com/international/20151206/1020091771/daech-petrole-t…

http://echelledejacob.blogspot.be/2015/12/le-fils-derdogan-ministre-du-petrole-de.html



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MessagePosté le: Mar 26 Avr - 01:09 (2016)    Sujet du message: OBAMA ET LES DIRIGEANTS EUROPEENS POUR UNE MISSION MARITIME OTAN/UE Répondre en citant

OBAMA ET LES DIRIGEANTS EUROPEENS POUR UNE MISSION MARITIME OTAN/UE

Ruse pour le plein contrôle des océans et des rivières

Les dirigeants américain, allemand, britannique, italien et français ont appelé Otan et UE à travailler en commun "pour maîtriser les flux de migrants" provenant de Libye. Washington s'est dit favorable à une idée italienne prévoyant des patrouilles de l'Otan.

"Les dirigeants ont (...) appelé l'Otan et l'UE à tirer parti de leur expérience en mer Égée pour voir comment maîtriser de façon ordonnée et humaine les flux de migrants en Méditerranée centrale", a indiqué la Maison-Blanche.

Elle s'exprimait dans un communiqué diffusé après la rencontre entre les présidents américain et français, Barack Obama et François Hollande, les chefs de gouvernement britannique et italien, David Cameron et Matteo Renzi, et la chancelière allemande Angela Merkel.

Auparavant, M. Renzi avait déclaré que le président Obama avait donné son "accord" au projet italien controversé prévoyant des patrouilles de l'Otan au large de la Libye pour bloquer l'activité des passeurs et tenter de réduire le flux de migrants vers l'Europe.

Pour un commandement de l'UE

Berlin soutient le principe d'une mission navale de l'Otan pour combattre le trafic d'armes, mais aussi de personnes, mais préférerait qu'elle soit sous commandement européen plutôt que de l'Otan.

"Nous avons une mission navale européenne, l'EUNAVFOR, aussi appelée Sophia, qui est tout à fait efficace", contre les passeurs au large des côtes libyennes, a souligné Mme Merkel.

Les cinq dirigeants occidentaux ont abordé la crise migratoire, l'instabilité et l'infiltration islamiste en Libye, d'où quelque 350'000 personnes sont parties en mer pour rejoindre l'Italie depuis début 2014.

Préparatifs en cours

La ministre italienne de la Défense, Roberta Pinotti, avait révélé plus tôt que des préparatifs étaient en cours pour lancer, d'ici trois mois, de premières patrouilles maritimes de l'Otan au large de la Libye. Selon elle, l'Alliance atlantique doit approuver ce plan lors de son sommet de Varsovie le 7 juillet.

Cette mission s'inscrirait dans un plan italien plus large visant à fermer la route maritime occidentale vers l'Europe et à renvoyer les migrants économiques dans leur pays d'origine. En retour, ils bénéficieraient d'une aide financière pour créer chez eux des centres d'accueil et de réinsertion.

Une stratégie vivement critiquée par des organisations de défense des droits humains. Celles-ci estiment que la moitié des migrants arrivant en Italie sont éligibles au droit d'asile en Europe.

L'Otan mène déjà une opération navale en mer Egée pour combattre les réseaux de passeurs entre Turquie et Grèce. Mais une opération au large de la Libye serait plus compliquée et potentiellement dangereuse, vu l'instabilité du pays et la présence, sur la côte, de rebelles alliés à l'EI.

(ats / 25.04.2016 21h29)


http://www.romandie.com/news/Obama-et-les-dirigeants-europeens-pour-une-mis…


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MessagePosté le: Mar 26 Avr - 03:46 (2016)    Sujet du message: HEAD OF THE ARMY GIVE STRANGE SPEECH - "LITTLE GREEN MEN" Répondre en citant

HEAD OF THE ARMY GIVE STRANGE SPEECH - "LITTLE GREEN MEN"



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-MaA07uVXm8

Army Chief of Staff Gen. Mark Milley was the keynote speaker
at Norwich University during its Reserve Officer Training Corps
Centennial Symposium, Northfield, Vermont, on April 21, 2016. During his speech he talked about "little green men and hybrid armies". Should these strange words mean anything to us? Leave your comments.


http://www.armytimes.com/story/milita...

http://www.defense.gov/About-DoD/Biog...


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MessagePosté le: Mar 26 Avr - 05:41 (2016)    Sujet du message: OBAMA : "RETABLIR" LE CESSEZ-LE-FEU EN SYRIE, ET Y REDEPLOYER DES TROUPES Répondre en citant

OBAMA : "RETABLIR" LE CESSEZ-LE-FEU EN SYRIE, ET Y REDEPLOYER DES TROUPES

  Aujourd'hui
  • Il y a 9 heures
Barack Obama souhaite « rétablir » le cessez-le-feu en Syrie qui a replongé dans la guerre après huit semaines de trêve, et doit annoncer ce lundi à Hanovre l’envoi de soldats américains supplémentaires pour aider les rebelles syriens.

En visite en Allemagne, le président américain doit confirmer ce lundi matin l’envoi en Syrie de militaires américains supplémentaires dont le nombre pourra atteindre 250. « Le président a autorisé une série de mesures pour renforcer le soutien à nos partenaires dans la région, notamment les forces de sécurité irakiennes ainsi que les forces locales syriennes qui luttent contre l’ISIL » (acronyme anglais de Daesh), a indiqué un haut responsable américain sous couvert de l’anonymat.

http://www.bvoltaire.fr/breves/obama-retablir-le-cessez-le-feu-en-syrie-et-…



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MessagePosté le: Mer 27 Avr - 03:12 (2016)    Sujet du message: MORE THAN 10 RUSSIAN BALTIC FLEET SHIPS PUT TO SEA FOR EXERCISES Répondre en citant

MORE THAN 10 RUSSIAN BALTIC FLEET SHIPS PUT TO SEA FOR EXERCISES

Military & Defense
April 25, 19:56 UTC+3

The minesweepers and small anti-submarine ships will drill missions to protect and defend a water area


  © TASS 


Russia's Baltic Fleet in photos

KALININGRAD, April 25. /TASS/. More than 10 warships, boats and supply vessels of Russia’s Baltic Fleet have put to sea for exercises that will include artillery and torpedo firing drills, Baltic Fleet spokesman Vladimir Matveyev said on Monday.

"During several days the ships’ crews will conduct at sea ranges artillery and torpedo firing drills aiming at sea, air and shore targets; the forces’ combat readiness in anti-submarine warfare and air defense actions will be checked", he said.

The minesweepers and small anti-submarine ships will drill missions to protect and defend a water area. The fleet’s anti-submarine naval aviation will be also involved in the drills. An amphibious assault beach landing operation will be drilled at the fleet’s Khmelevka range with the task to establish a bridgehead on the imaginary enemy’s shore.

Read also

Russian warships take part in Komodo 2016 drills in Indonesia
Baltic Fleet corvettes destroy simulated enemy’s ships in missile attack

http://tass.ru/en/defense/872298


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MessagePosté le: Mer 27 Avr - 03:17 (2016)    Sujet du message: CHINA MILITARY SENDS WARNING TO US IN MILITARY EXERCISE Répondre en citant

CHINA MILITARY SENDS WARNING TO US IN MILITARY EXERCISE



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGtW23bnQTY

China conducts military exercise to send a warning to US Military. The People's Liberation Army (PLA; simplified Chinese: 中国人民解放军; traditional Chinese: 中國人民解放軍; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn) is the military of the People's Republic of China (PRC) under the leadership of the CPC. August 1 is celebrated annually as Chinese Workers and Farmers Red Army Day. The PLA consists of four professional service branches: the People's Liberation Army Ground Force, the People's Liberation Army Navy, the People's Liberation Army Air Force and the Second Artillery Corps. The PLA is the world's largest military force, with a strength of approximately 2,285,000 personnel, 0.18% of the country's population. The People's Liberation Army's insignia consists of a roundel with a red star bearing the Chinese characters for Eight One, referring to August 1 (Chinese: 八一).

The PLA is under the command of the Central Military Commission of the CPC. The Ministry of National Defense, which operates under the State Council, does not exercise any authority over the PLA and is far less powerful than the Central Military Commission (CMC).[citation needed] A system of political officers embedded within the military assures party authority over the armed forces, so that the primary role of the Ministry of Defense is that of a liaison office with foreign militaries. The political and military leadership have made a concerted effort to create a professional military force restricted to national defense and to the provision of assistance in domestic economic construction and emergency relief. This conception of the role of the PLA requires the promotion of specialized officers who can understand modern weaponry and handle combined arms operations. Troops around the country are stationed in seven military regions and more than 20 military districts.

Military service is compulsory by law; however, compulsory military service in China has never been enforced due to large numbers of volunteers from China's population. In times of national emergency, the People's Armed Police and the People's Liberation Army Militia act as a reserve and support element for the PLA, primarily for the People's Liberation Army Ground Force.

...


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MessagePosté le: Mer 27 Avr - 06:32 (2016)    Sujet du message: NAVCENT COMMANDER CONCLUDES IMCMEX, CALLS "REALISTIC" TRAINING A PRIORITY Répondre en citant

NAVCENT COMMANDER CONCLUDES IMCMEX, CALLS "REALISTIC" TRAINING A PRIORITY

Story Number: NNS160426-05Release Date: 4/26/2016 9:46:00 AM
 

By Lt. Cmdr. Matt Gill, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command Public Affairs


160411-N-WX059-145 GULF OF AQABA, Jordan (April 11, 2016) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technicians from the Expeditionary Mine Countermeasures Team, Commander, Task Force 56.1, deploy mine-like shapes into the water during International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX) 16. IMCMEX 16 is a multilateral exercise using all aspects of defensive maritime warfare including mine countermeasures, maritime security operations and maritime infrastructure protection to demonstrate the global resolve to maintain commerce throughout the U.S. 5th Fleet area of operations. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Sean Furey/Released)

MANAMA, Bahrain (NNS) -- Leaders of the International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX) brought the exercise to a close and highlighted the need to continue training with scenarios that are likely to occur in real life in order to keep waterways safe.

The exercise "raised the bar in terms of reality," said Vice Adm. Kevin Donegan, commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command, "not in terms of some arbitrary metric, but in terms of real-world value. You couldn't just show up and declare success. You actually had to get in the water."

IMCMEX, which ended April 26, featured international naval and civilian maritime forces from more than 30 nations spanning six continents training together across the Middle East.

U.S. Naval Forces Central Command (NAVCENT) organized and led IMCMEX. NAVCENT leads U.S. Navy and afloat Marine Corps forces across the more than 2.5 million square miles of ocean in the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility.

Participants focused on maritime security from the port of origin to the port of arrival and included scenarios ranging from mine countermeasures, infrastructure protection and maritime security operations in support of civilian shipping.

"What's important to each of our nations is the free flow of commerce," said Donegan. "We did raise the bar, and we did it in a way that will be a springboard for next year and the years after that."

More than 4,000 civilian and military personnel, ashore and aboard more than 30 ships, participated the Fleet Tactical Exercise (FTX) portion of IMCMEX, which focused on shipboard, air, and undersea training and conducting port and maritime security operations.

FTX operations included mine countermeasures, diving operations, small-boat exercises, maritime security operations coordinated with industrial and commercial shipping, unmanned underwater vehicle operations, and port clearance.

The FTX demonstrated new technologies, such as unmanned underwater vehicles, and the sealift capabilities of the expeditionary fast transport ship USNS Choctaw County and the afloat forward staging base USS Ponce, equipped with the U.S. Navy's only operational laser weapon system.

During the FTX, 161 mine-like shapes were dropped in the water as practice aids for mine countermeasures. Using the wide array of technology and expertise among the partner nations, participants found and retrieved all of them.

Industry participation in this year's IMCMEX was the largest it has ever been, with collaboration and training between industry representatives and 11 merchant and commercial vessels, including cruise ships HMS Queen Mary 2 and Queen Elizabeth 2.

IMCMEX began April 4 with a symposium in Bahrain on Maritime Infrastructure Protection, bringing together governments, militaries and industry to discuss how to best provide the necessary foundation of security that supports unrestricted access to the vital maritime infrastructure critical to regional and global economies.

Leaders from 13 participating nations, together with the U.S. Naval War College and U.S. Joint Staff, also spent time thinking through notional threats and developing plans to counter and mitigate those notional threats during the Command Post Exercise.

"We've tried a number of things this year that we haven't tried in the past," said Commodore William Warrender, Royal Navy, Combined Maritime Forces deputy commander and leader of the exercise, as he thanked multinational partners for their robust participation and ambition in this year's IMCMEX during the exercise closing ceremony. "I hope you got as much out of this exercise as I did."

For more news from Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Central Command/5th Fleet, visit www.navy.mil/local/cusnc/.

http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94404


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MessagePosté le: Jeu 28 Avr - 06:41 (2016)    Sujet du message: FRANCE : PRISONS : 2500 RECRUTEMENTS DE SURVEILLANTS POUR 2017 Répondre en citant

FRANCE : PRISONS : 2500 RECRUTEMENTS DE SURVEILLANTS POUR 2017 

Vour remarquerez que la plupart des nouvelles recrues semblent être des musulmans.



VIDEO : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qbou7O62MxY

http://marialeroux1.clicforum.fr/images/wysiwyg.html?5#


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MessagePosté le: Ven 29 Avr - 05:11 (2016)    Sujet du message: US READY TO OFFER ISRAEL LARGEST AID PACKAGE IN HISTORY Répondre en citant

US READY TO OFFER ISRAEL LARGEST AID PACKAGE IN HISTORY

Amid push by senators, White House official says talks with Israeli officials ongoing to secure ‘largest single pledge’ of military assistance


By Raoul Wootliff and Times of Israel staff April 26, 2016, 5:28 am

 

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, right, and President Barack Obama embrace at a ceremony welcoming the US leader at Ben Gurion Airport near Tel Aviv, on March 20, 2013 (photo credit: Miriam Alster/Flash90)

WritersRaoul Wootliff Raoul Wootliff is a breaking news editor at The Times of Israel.


A White House official indicated on Monday that the Obama administration was ready to offer Israel the largest military aid package offered to any country over the course of US history.

Amid a push by a large majority of senators to increase foreign aid to Israel, a White House official told Reuters: “We are prepared to sign an MOU [memorandum of understanding] with Israel that would constitute the largest single pledge of military assistance to any country in US history.”

The official said discussions with Israel were ongoing on a memorandum of understanding that would increase US military aid to Israel for the next 10 years, due to be renewed before 2018.

More than 80 of the 100 sitting US senators signed a letter Monday calling on President Barack Obama to increase aid to Israel and immediately sign an agreement on a new defense package. Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders is not one of the 83 signatories.

“In light of Israel’s dramatically rising defense challenges, we stand ready to support a substantially enhanced new long-term agreement to help provide Israel the resources it requires to defend itself and preserve its qualitative military edge,” said the letter, which was seen by Reuters.

Republican Lindsey Graham and Democrat Chris Coons were behind the letter, which was signed by 51 Republican and 32 Democratic senators.


Israeli soldiers patrol near an Iron Dome defense system, designed to intercept and destroy incoming short-range rockets and artillery shells, in the Golan Heights, on January 20, 2015. (AFP/Jack Guez)

Republican presidential candidate Senator Ted Cruz was one of the signatories, while Sanders was not.

Due to expire in 2018, the current aid package stands at $3 billion annually, and, according to reports, Israel wants to up the amount to $5 billion annually. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has hinted he may wait to negotiate with Obama’s successor to try and secure a better deal.

Israel welcomed the reports but did not comment on the status of talks over the deal.

Speaking to The Times of Israel last month, chairman of the Senate’s Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs Lindsey Graham vowed to “do everything I can to squeeze some money out of a tight budget to help increase funding for Israel.”

“Israel has to decide what to do and when to do it. But I can say this: we’ll have more money this year than potentially next year, because sequestration kicks back in,” he explained, referring to spending cuts the US federal government enacted in 2013.


Senator Lindsey Graham gestures during a press conference with members of his Congressional delegation in Caira, Egypt, on April 3, 2016. (AFP/Mohamed el-Shahed)

During a visit to Israel last month, US Vice President Joe Biden reportedly warned Netanyahu that the aid package will be less than what Jerusalem seeks, but offered reassurances the amount would reflect the security needs of the country.

During Biden’s meeting with Netanyahu, described by an Israeli official as “friendly, cordial and warm,” the vice president urged the prime minister to accept the offer, assuring him the agreement could always be amended at a later date.

“In the past we’ve known how to make adjustments to agreements after they’ve been signed,” he said according to Channel 10, which cited senior Israeli officials.

The Prime Minister’s Office could not confirm the content of the report.

In November, Israel was said to have completed its “shopping list” of desired American military materiel, which reportedly included a request for V-22 Ospreys, planes believed capable of reaching Iran.

Israel also reportedly sought the V-22s from the US in 2012 when contemplating a strike on Iran’s Fordo enrichment facility, but later decided not to purchase due to budgetary restraints.

Under a separate budgetary hierarchy, the US administration is understood to be well-disposed to ensure funding for Israel’s missile defense systems — maintaining and improving the Iron Dome (short-range missile interceptor) and the Arrow (long range) systems, and deploying David’s Sling (medium range), to ensure Israel can counter threats from neighboring Gaza, south Lebanon and Syria, as well as from an Iran that is relentlessly developing its ballistic missile systems.

The US has either jointly developed or financed all three of the programs

Judah Ari Gross and Raphael Ahren contributed to this report.

http://www.timesofisrael.com/white-house-ready-to-offer-israel-largest-aid-package-in-us-history/



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MessagePosté le: Ven 29 Avr - 05:40 (2016)    Sujet du message: US CYBER COMMANDER SPEAKS AT U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY ON FUTURE OF CYBER OPERATIONS Répondre en citant

US CYBER COMMANDER SPEAKS AT U.S. NAVAL ACADEMY ON FUTURE OF CYBER OPERATIONS

Story Number: NNS160428-19Release Date: 4/28/2016 4:12:00 PM 

By Mass Communication Seaman Brianna Jones, U.S. Naval Academy Public Affairs


160426-N-DY073-068 ANNAPOLIS, Md. (April 26, 2016) Adm. Michael S. Rogers, commander, U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM), speaks at the U.S. Naval Academy as part of the Cyber Lecture Series. Rogers addressed more than 600 midshipmen about the critical role cyber operations will play throughout their naval careers. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communications Seaman Brianna Jones/Released)

ANNAPOLIS, Md. (NNS) -- Adm. Michael S. Rogers, commander, U.S. Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM), spoke at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, April 26, as part of the Cyber Lecture Series.

Rogers addressed more than 600 midshipmen about the critical role cyber operations will play throughout their naval careers.

"Not everyone is going to be a hardcore cyber professional, but I believe increasingly that in the world we live in, there is a fundamental level of knowledge that we all must have of cyber operations," said Rogers. "[Cyber] is that pervasive, it's that foundational."

Rogers, an Auburn University graduate, received his commission in the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps. Originally a surface warfare officer, he was later selected for redesignation to cryptology, now information warfare.

Rogers emphasized that cyber operations, at its core, is a mission set that is powered by men and women - that USCYBERCOM's greatest edge is not its technology but the intellectual power of the highly skilled and trained people who make up the cyber community.

Rogers underscored the critical role of leadership in cyberspace, posing "... how do you train commanders at the unit level and above to understand both the implications of cyber threats to their ability to execute their mission as well as how do you apply cyber capability?"

The future success of the U.S. military's cyber operations relies on recruiting well-trained, adept individuals to stay on the cutting edge of this ever evolving field, said Rogers.

27 midshipmen in the Class of 2016 will be the first to graduate from USNA with degrees in cyber operations. Rogers reminded these midshipmen that because their field is still in the development stage, they will be shaping the future for USCYBERCOM.

"As cyber operations officers, you will be building the future for the nation and our entire workforce," he said. "You will be creating something new every day and developing a skill set that no one has ever seen before."

According to Rogers, most people spend their naval career in fields that have been fully developed by the hard work of men and women who came before them. But for those who work in the cyber operations field, they are trailblazing a new path and molding the future for the Navy and the nation.

"The midshipmen at USNA are at the forefront of this developing field," said Rogers. "They are the future of the Navy and will be the minds developing new technologies for the fleet that will keep our nation and our citizens safe."

USNA immediately recognized the critical role that cyber operations would serve in support of DoD missions, and has led the way with a series of projects, including the development of the new cyber operations major, adding required cyber classes to the overall curriculum for all midshipmen and, ultimately, the construction of the academy's Center for Cyber Security Studies, scheduled to begin later this year.

The building will be a multistory academic mission facility including classrooms, teaching and research laboratories, lecture halls, offices, multipurpose space, an observatory, loading dock, and research and testing tank in support of the engineering and weapons labs. This facility will allow midshipmen to develop cutting-edge skills cyber skills and knowledge before joining the fleet.

For more news from U.S. Naval Academy, visit http://www.navy.mil/local/usna/.


http://www.navy.mil/submit/display.asp?story_id=94471



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MessagePosté le: Sam 30 Avr - 05:28 (2016)    Sujet du message: L'OTAN S'APPRÊTE A DEPLOYER 4.000 MILITAIRES DANS LES PAYS BALTES Répondre en citant

L'OTAN S'APPRÊTE A DEPLOYER 4.000 MILITAIRES DANS LES PAYS BALTES



© REUTERS/ Yves Herman
International
22:33 29.04.2016(mis à jour 22:35 29.04.2016)

Les pays occidentaux membres de l'Alliance atlantique envisagent de dépêcher quatre bataillons comptant 4.000 hommes au total dans la région de la Baltique et ce dans le cadre du renforcement de la présence de l'Otan dans l'est de l'Europe.

Les Etats-Unis pourraient envoyer deux bataillons dans les pays baltes, rapporte le Wall Street Journal, se référant à des sources militaires américaines et européennes. Deux autres bataillons pourraient être dépêchés par l'Allemagne et le Royaume-Uni.

Le sous-secrétaire US à la Défense, Robert Work, a confirmé dans un entretien à l'édition le nombre total de militaires que les alliés occidentaux envisagent de déployer dans la région et a expliqué cette mesure par une augmentation de l'activité russe dans la zone en question.


© AFP 2016 ARMEND NIMANI
L'Otan prête à déployer des troupes en Europe de l'Est et dans les pays baltes

En février 2016, le secrétaire général de l'alliance Jens Stoltenberg avait déclaré que les ministres de la Défense des 28 pays membres de l'Otan, réunis à Bruxelles, avaient approuvé l'initiative de renforcer la présence militaire de l'organisation dans l'est de l'Europe, en Méditerranée orientale et dans la région de la mer Noire. Il a en outre fait savoir que les décisions concrètes relatives à ce renforcement seraient adoptées lors du prochain sommet de l'Otan prévu en juillet prochain à Varsovie, en Pologne.



NATO
"L'Europe surprise par la russophobie du commandant suprême des forces de l'Otan"

M. Stoltenberg a aussi fait savoir que les Etats-Unis avaient décidé du plan d'augmentation du niveau de présence de leurs forces en Europe par le biais de la rotation de leurs divisions blindées et mécanisées. Le Daily Telegraph a alors communiqué que dans le cadre de ces projets entre 500 et 1.000 soldats américains, britanniques et allemands pourraient être déployés en Estonie, en Lettonie, en Lituanie, en Pologne, en Roumanie et en Bulgarie.

https://fr.sputniknews.com/international/201604291024646170-otan-presence-e…


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MessagePosté le: Sam 30 Avr - 08:57 (2016)    Sujet du message: OPERATIONS DE MAINTIEN DE LA PAIX DES NATIONS UNIES Répondre en citant

OPERATIONS DE MAINTIEN DE LA PAIX DES NATIONS UNIES

Pdf document : http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/documents/capstone_doctrine_fr.pdf

CHAPITRE 11 | APPUI AU RETABLISSEMENT ET AU RENFORCEMENT DE L'AUTORITE DE L'ETAT

Pdf document : http://www.un.org/fr/peacekeeping/resources/pdf/11_civil_handbook.pdf


Dernière édition par maria le Sam 7 Mai - 03:30 (2016); édité 1 fois
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MessagePosté le: Aujourd’hui à 20:21 (2016)    Sujet du message: UNITED NATIONS, GLOBAL ARMY, POLICIA, MILICIA, GANG AND... (PARTIE 2) P.1

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